CMS encourages Home Health Agencies, Hospices, Hospitals, Inpatient Psychiatric Facilities, Long-Term Care Facilities, and Swing Beds to review the guide on “Discharge Planning”(ICN 908184) found in the Medical Learning Network section of CMS. This 20 page publication provides valuable detailed information for any provider of service involved in the patient discharge process.
CMS data suggests almost 20% of hospitalized Medicare patients are readmitted within 30 days of their discharge. This amounts to approximately 2.6 million beneficiaries being affected and costs the Medicare program an estimated $26 billion every year.
In an attempt to curb this expense, the CMS Innovation Center established by the Affordable Care Act has created the Community-Based Care Transition Program (CCTP). The ACA has earmarked up to $500 million for the CCTP that was launched in 2011 and will run for 5 years.
The program starts with the basic principle that the healthcare community should work together to improve quality of patient care.
The goal is to ultimately reduce hospital readmissions by a minimum of 20 % which would translate to a savings of $5.2 billion a year. This represents a significantly larger amount than the initial cost to CMS for the program.
Data for 2012 suggests the program is already working by preventing an estimated 70,000 readmissions.
Enrolled participants, referred to as Community-based organizations (CBOs) now numbering over 100, will work with hospitals to coordinate patient care transitions. If you would like to see who is participating in your area, you can select this link to access the CMS interactive map: http://innovation.cms.gov/initiatives/map/index.html?modelPass=CCTP
Care transitions as referred to in this program, relate to hospital inpatients that are being discharged to their home, a nursing home, or other care facility. CBOs will use care transition services to identify risk factors that produce readmissions and coordinate the necessary actions to lessen the effect of those factors.
CBOs will be required to provide:
Care transition services that begin no later than 24 hours prior to discharge
Timely, culturally and linguistically competent post-discharge education to patients
NOTE: This education is crucial so that patients understand potential additional health problems that may develop or a deteriorating condition.
Timely interactions between patients and post-acute and/or outpatient providers
Patient centered self-management support and information specific to the beneficiary’s condition
A comprehensive medication review and management
NOTE: This includes any appropriate counseling and self-management support.
The CBOs will be paid an all-inclusive rate per eligible discharge based on the cost of care transition services provided at the patient level and of implementing systemic changes at the hospital level. CBOs will only be paid once per eligible discharge in a 180-day period of time for any given beneficiary.
Performance and effectiveness of the CBOs will be gauged by the evaluation contractor and the implementation and monitoring contractor. Quality and utilization measures will consist of 30-day all cause readmission rates, and will also monitor 90-and 180-day readmission rates, mortality rates, observation services, and emergency department visits. One major goal of the CCTP is to develop effective approaches to care interventions that will improve the quality of care while decreasing readmissions. This transparency of the COB’s should ensure accurate evaluations of both successes and shortcomings of this program.
Please follow this link to the CMS site for full details on this program: